‘colegio reggio’: a diversity community for self-learning
Architect Andrés Jaque of the Office for Political Innovation has challenged the paradigms of educational fields with a new private field, ‘Colegio Reggio’. school inside Madrid It was designed as a combination of different ‘worlds’ that arouse children’s desire to explore and question. ‘The school’s architecture aims to be a multiverse where the layered complexity of the setting becomes readable and experiential, avoiding homogenization and unified standards. It works with the combination of different climates, ecosystems, architectural traditions and regulations.,’ architect writer.
Its vertical progression begins with a ground floor connected to the terrain where the classrooms are located for younger students. The top-stacked intermediate classrooms coexist under a greenhouse structure with reclaimed water and soil reservoirs that feed a top-level indoor garden. Meanwhile, classrooms for older students were organized around this inner garden, like a small village. According to Jaque, this distribution of use implies an ongoing process of maturity, which means an increased capacity of students to explore the school ecosystem on their own and with their peers.
all images © José Hevia
The second floor, shaped as a large gap opening to the surrounding ecosystems through arches, functions as the central social plaza at ‘Colegio Reggio’. The architecture here encourages teachers and students to participate in school management and interact with the surrounding landscapes and districts. This 464.5 m2 central site is over eight meters high and is presented as a cosmopolitical agora: a semi-enclosed space crossed diagonally by the softened air with the variegated oak trees from the neighboring countryside. Here, mundane activities such as exercise coexist with discussions about how the school is run as a community and how to relate to neighboring rivers and fields.
Moreover, within this space, a network of ecologists and educators has designed small gardens to house and nurture communities of insects, butterflies, birds, and bats. “Ultimately, this floor functions as a meeting room that is more than human, where students and teachers can feel and adapt to the ecosystems they are part of,” says Andrés Jaque. here).
‘Colegio Reggio’ is a private school in Madrid
reveal mechanisms while reducing footprint + consumption
As an alternative to standard efforts to obscure mechanical systems, all services here are kept visible, and the flows that keep the building active are transformed into an opportunity for students to question how their bodies and social interactions depend on the exchange of water, energy, and air. circulations. Indeed, the building allows pipes, ducts, wires and grids to be part of the visual and material ecosystem.
On the other hand, in the context of Southern Europe, where sustainable hi-tech solutions are only available in high-budget, corporate or government-sponsored buildings, ‘Colegio Reggio’ develops a low-budget strategy to reduce its environmental footprint, based on several pillars. design principles. first one choosing verticality to reduce land occupation. Rather than opting for a horizontal expansion as in 90% of school designs, the private school takes a compact, vertical shape that minimizes footprint, optimizes the overall foundation requirement, and radically reduces the façade ratio. .
The second principle is the emphasis radically reduce construction: no cladding, no false ceilings, no raised technical floors, no wall cladding and no ventilated facades. In addition, by replacing a large part of the construction with simpler strategies or thermal insulation and mechanical system distribution, the total amount of material in facades, roofs and interior partitions was reduced by 48%. ‘The result presents a bare building where the unorganized visibility of operating components defines its aesthetics. the architect adds.
a complex ecosystem that progresses vertically
The third intervention introduces Cork wrap as thermal insulation and support for more life than human. Specifically, the structural team covered 80% of the school envelope with an estimated 9,700 Kg/m3 of dense cork 14.2 cm. Developed by the Office for Political Innovation, this natural solution is placed on the vertical and inclined parts of the exterior volume to provide a thermal insulation of R-23.52, twice that required by Madrid regulations, reducing the energy consumed when heating the school interior. 50% Beyond that, the irregular surfaces of the cork allow organic material to accumulate, eventually making the building a habitat for microbiological fungi, plant and animal life.
Finally, in line with the second principle, the architectmore thought, less material‘ mentality. Led by researcher and structural engineer Iago González Quelle, the team shaped, analyzed and dimensioned the structure to reduce the thickness of the loading walls by more than 150 mm; the structure of the building.
cork multi-layer facades to insulate and support more than human
invites the desire to explore, question and self-educate
second floor formalized with large arches opening onto the surrounding ecosystems
a color combination that nods to multiverse complexity
design moves away from traditional fields of education